This Hydroquinone free and oil free serum uses Lactic, Azelaic and Kojic Acid to enhance, brighten and even out all skin tones. These acids act together to decrease existing pigmentation, inhibit melanin production, exfoliate skin’s outer layer and eliminate the bacteria that can cause acne. When applied, the skin is left with a fresh, tingling sensation and a healthy glow. It is recommended for use in combination with 25% Vitamin C Face and Eye serum. Type of skin: Dull, pigmented and/or acne prone skin. Key Ingredients: Lactic Acid: Alphahydroxy Acid extracted from sour milk and sugars, although most forms used in cosmetics are synthetic. Lactic Acid exfoliates cells on the surface of skin by breaking down the bonds that hold them together (desmosomes); Azelaic Acid: Found in wheat, rye and barley. Commonly used in cosmetics for correcting discoloration and acne. Kills bacteria and reduces acne inflammation; Kojic Acid: Derived from rice, soy and mushrooms. An effective Tyrosinase inhibitor, it helps prevent melanin production.